Anesthesiology and Reanimation

Patients who suffer from pain can directly be admitted to our department where they are subsequently examined. Final treatment modality is planned after diagnosis is established with further tests or consultations with relevant departments. The pain management method is planned, after which invasive pain management techniques are also discussed. Our department also renders services for surgery, delivery, and outpatient surgeries.
  • Preoperative care: Examination, laboratory tests, consultations with relevant departments, imaging techniques.
  • Anesthesia procedures: General anesthesia, spinal and epidural anesthesia, peripheral nerve blocks to relieve pain, central catheterizations.
  • Postoperative care: Patient-controlled analgesia devices are set and supervised; the pain control is ensured in an efficient and quick way in our hospital with the leadership of the pain management team.
  • Safe and effective execution of blood and blood products
Anesthesiology Department is specialized in:

Preoperative care: The preoperative clinical conditions of the patients are evaluated. Requirements of the surgical procedure are determined and necessary preoperative preparations are carried out, such as reserving blood, requesting consultations, giving nutritional advice and management of pain killers and drugs.
Anesthesia for surgical procedures: Anesthesia is administered in cardiac, thoracic, vascular surgery, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, and spine, liver and pancreas surgery.

Labor analgesia: The most appropriate pain relief method for mothers undergoing delivery is determined on a case by case basis by our experts; mother and baby are then closely followed up during the delivery. The obstetrics team is supported by the pain management team to make the process as comfortable and safe as possible.

Pediatric anesthesia practices: The surgical process is performed in the least stressful way possible with the support of the parents. Parents can participate during the pre and post-operative periods along with their child. Our experienced pediatric nurses constantly support each family throughout the process.

Cancer surgery: Large teams from different disciplines collaborate for anti-cancer treatment.  Anesthesiology clinic which is an inseparable part of the team make necessary contributions in pain management, as is the case with surgical procedures. In addition, our department's various different specialty fields are listed below.
  • Anesthesia for laparoscopic procedures
  • Anesthesia for robotic surgeries
  • Anesthesia for patients with trauma
  • Geriatric practices for elderly patients
  • Cosmetic surgery
  • Anesthesia administrations for day surgeries and outpatient surgical procedures
  • Sedation
  • Chronic pain treatments
  • Postoperative pain management

Brain and Nerve Surgery (Neurosurgery)

Neurosurgery Department is specialized in brain, spine and spinal cord surgery.
All complaints regarding the brain and spine are linked to our department.

We provide services in all divisions associated with neurosurgery:

  • Vascular surgery
  • Tumor surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Endoscopic surgery (brain and spinal cord)
  • Spine surgery
  • Functional neurosurgery
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Gamma Knife


Chest pain, left arm/shoulder/neck pain, chest tightness, sweating, shortness of breath, palpitations, fainting.
  • Arterial stiffness (arteriosclerosis)
  • Hypertension, High Cholesterol, High Triglycerides
  • Coronary Artery Disease, Acute Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Heart Failure, Cardiomyopathy (CM) - (Ischemic CM, Dilated Cardiomyopathy DCM, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
  • Heart Valve Diseases (Mitral Insufficiency, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Tricuspid Valve Disease, and Pulmonary Valve Stenosis)
  • Congenital Heart Defects (ASD / Atrial Septal Defect, VSD / Ventricular Septal Defect, PDA / Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Bicuspid Aortic Valve, Coarctation of the Aorta)
  • Congenital Electrical Disorders
  • Abnormal Heart Rhythm
  • Atrial Rhythm Disorders (Atrial Tachycardia / Atrial Flutter / Atrial Fibrillation, Atrial Extrasystoles)
  • Ventricular Rhythm Disorders (Ventricular Fibrillation, Ventricular Tachycardia, Ventricular  Extrasystoles)
  • Heart blocks and pauses in heart rhythm
  • Pericardial Disease
  • PAH (Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension), Pulmonary Embolism
  • Aortic Aneurysm and Aortic Dissection
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Carotid Artery Disease

Non-Invasive Cardiology:

  • Electrocardiography
  • Echocardiography
  • Exercise-Stress Echocardiography
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE)
  • Cardiac Stress Test ( Treadmill Test)
  • CPET (Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test)
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
  • 24/72 hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
  • 24-72 Hours Holter Monitoring
  • Tilt-Table Tests
  • ABI (Aankle-Brachial Index)
  • EECP (Enhanced external counterpulsation)

Interventional Cardiology:

  • Coronary angiography
  • Pressure Wire, FFR Measurements - to accurately determine the degree of narrowing of the artery by measuring pressure
  • IVUS (Intravascular ultrasound) - to accurately determine the degree of narrowing of the artery by using a miniaturized ultrasound probe attached to the specially designed catheter
  • OCT (Optical coherence tomography) - to accurately determine the degree of narrowing of the artery by providing cross-sectional images
  • PTCA (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty), Balloon Angioplasty
  • Stents, Drug-Eluting Stents
  • Atherectomy (Rotablator etc)
  • Stent placement in peripheral arteries
  • TAVI (Transcatheter aortic valve replacement - TAVR)
  • Mitraclip (a small metal clip, about the size of a large staple, is attached to the mitral valve)
  • Pacemaker Implantation (Pacemaker, Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD), Biventricular Pacemaker, MR-Compatible Pacemaker)
  • Electrophysiological (EP) Study
  • Ablation for Arrhythmias

Cardiovascular Surgery


  • Cardiovascular Surgery:
           Various techniques are used for coronary bypass surgery:
  • Off-pump or beating-heart surgery: This technique is preferred to prevent heart-lung machine side effects and to ensure a shorter stay at the intensive care unit and subsequent quicker engagement in activities of daily life.
  • Radial artery graft: Using radial artery graft that has better rates of re-intervention in comparison to using the saphenous vein graft.
  • Aortic no-touch technique: This is used to avoid cerebral complications that may be caused by the aortic “touch”.
  • Minimally invasive surgery: A surgeon performs coronary bypass through small incisions in the chest.
  • Awake surgery: This technique is preferred for patients who have contraindications for general anesthesia and/or seek shorter hospital stays.
  • Heart valve surgery:
    • Complex mitral valve repair surgery
    • Specialized surgical techniques that provide high-risk patients with a surgical option.
    • Surgery for selected patients who do not require a complete opening of the chest bone.
  • Aortic aneurysm repair and aortic dissection:
    • Complex aortic surgeries are carried out in a low-risk way involving the use of specialized surgical techniques
    • Minimally invasive surgery for selected patients who do not require a complete opening of the chest bone.
  • Re-operation:
    • Surgery carried out for patients who have already undergone one or more surgical procedures.
  • High-risk heart surgery:
    • Specialized methods reserved for very high-risk patients who are deemed inoperable by other healthcare facilities.
  • Congenital heart defect corrective surgery
  • Robotic heart surgery


Services provided by our Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Departments are as follows:

  • Non-invasive Cardiology Diagnostic Center
  • Advanced Cardiac Imaging
  • Hybrid Catheterization Labs for Interventional Cardiology
  • Interventional Mitral Valve Treatment Unit
  • Heart Surgery Inpatient Clinic
  • Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit
  • Coronary Intensive Care Unit
  • Telemetry Monitoring
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit
  • Arterial Diseases and Venous insufficiency

Check Up

Our department offers preventive healthcare services rather than complaint-oriented treatment and it aims to keep patients healthy by adopting pre-emptive measures to reduce the risk of compromised health in the future.
Our check-up department is not limited to only a field of specialty; we prefer to focus on the holistic evaluation of patients in a more inclusive manner. We cooperate with cardiology, clinical laboratory, radiology and nuclear medicine departments for check-up programs. Moreover, our patients are served with the support of all relevant departments, especially nutritional health, endocrinology, gastroenterology, physiotherapy as well as general surgery.
This medical examination process starts with a preliminary rendezvous with one of our doctors where personal risk factors and needs are determined. After the best program is selected for patients, all necessary tests and examinations are initiated. A second discussion with the same doctor is then scheduled, at which all of the results of the tests and examinations are reported; the results are reviewed and the patient is informed about necessary measures.
  • General check-up
  • Sleep health
  • Heart health
  • Nutrition
  • Dermal health
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Female/Male health

Clinical Laboratory

  • Clinical Laboratory Certification
  • Laboratory Information Management System
  • Blood Test
  • Urine Test
  • 24-Hour Urine Collection
  • Stool Test
  • Stimulation and Suppression Tests
  • Drug Level Monitoring
  • Information Regarding Blood Donation
  • Information Regarding Blood Sampling
  • Use of Vacuum Tube
  • Laboratory Journals
  • C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP)
  • Epstein-Barr Virus  (EBV)
  • Monitoring Osteoporosis Therapy by Measurement of ß-CrossLabs (ß - CTx)
  • Fetal Fibronectin (fFN)
  • Flu and Avian Influenza
  • Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) / Somatomedin-C (Sm-C)
  • Newborn Metabolic Screening Programme
  • Anemia and Clinical Laboratory
  • Hyperprolactinemia and Macroprolactin
  • Transferrin Receptor – TfR
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency in the Elderly
  • Laboratory Request Forms
  • Emergency Laboratory Test Request Forms
  • Clinical Laboratory Test Request Forms
  • Inpatient Test Request Forms
  • Microbiology Laboratory Request Forms
  • Allergen (specific IgE) Request Forms
  • Maternal NTD/DOWN Screening Information and Request Forms
  • Critical Test Results / Information
  • Critical Test Values that Should be Reported

Dermatology (Skin Disorders)

Our department includes certain fields, such as dermato-oncology, dermato-allergy, cosmetic dermatology, dermatologic surgery, pediatric dermatology, laser treatments, hair diseases, and autoimmune bullous diseases. Therefore, our patients should attend the Dermatology Department for all skin related complaints. This includes a wide spectrum of ailments such as itching, various skin rashes, moles, persistent scars and allergic rashes, as well as nail and hair diseases. Also, our branch practices preserving skin health without the occurrence of a disease, delaying effects of ageing with cosmetic practices, as well as treatment of spots and hair loss. Extraction of certain skin tumors, biopsy, treatment of warts and nail surgery are also within our expertise parameters. Dermal allergic diseases and hives are one of the major areas of dermatology and patients should attend our department for all allergic skin tests. All kinds of nevi are evaluated and mapped with our clinic’s dermoscopy device and interventions are performed, if necessary, after risk assessments have been established.
Our sub-services include cosmetic dermatology, dermatologic surgery, dermato-oncology, dermato-allergy, laser treatments, pediatric dermatology, phototherapy, and dermoscopy.

Emergency Department

First aid and emergency care are available at the Emergency Department of the Bodrum American Hospital for a wide spectrum of diseases and injuries that can be severe enough to be life-threatening.

Since patients presented to our department with injuries and diseases which have various underlying causes, our department specializes in a very wide range of medical disciplines:

  • General Surgery
  • Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Pediatrics
  • Cardiology
  • Anesthesiology and Reanimation
  • Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Radiology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Orthopedics
  • Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Vascular Surgery
  • Interventional Cardiology
  • Interventional Radiology
  • Neurosurgery (Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Surgeries)
  • Neurology
  • Urology
  • Otolaryngology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases

Physicians from the aforementioned departments arrive at our hospital as early as possible when they are called for emergencies related to their departments.

General Surgery

Our department deals with a very wide spectrum of complaints that may be related to many medical disciplines. Some of these complaints are as follows;
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal mass
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding (occult or severe)
  • Dyspepsia, abdominal distension
  • Constipation, obstructed defecation, fecal incontinence
  • Jaundice
  • Cutaneous and subcutaneous mass
  • Obesity
  • Breast lumps
  • Nipple discharge
  • Physical trauma
  • Neck mass
  • Inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia or incisional hernia
  • Breast health and diseases
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Metabolic surgery (obesity surgery)
  • Esophageal and gastrointestinal disorders
  • Colorectal and anal/perianal diseases
  • Liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile duct diseases
  • Trauma Surgery
  • Abdominal wall hernia
  • Urgent surgery
  • Thyroid and parathyroid surgery
  • Adrenal surgery
  • Breast surgery and breast reconstruction
  • Bariatric and metabolic surgery (obesity surgery)
  • Liver surgery
  • Gallbladder surgery and surgical extraction of bile duct stones
  • Pancreas surgery
  • Esophageal surgery and swallowing disorders
  • Gastric surgery
  • Small intestine, colon, rectum and anal region surgery
  • Stoma care training
  • Abdominal wall hernia surgery
  • Nutritional support
  • Oncologic surgery

Gynecology and Obstetrics

Our fields of specialization are:

  • Obstetric (delivery)
  • General and preventive gynecology
  • Endoscopic surgery (laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and robotic surgery)
  • High-risk pregnancies and prenatal diagnosis, counseling, and treatment
  • Reproductive endocrinology and assisted reproductive technology (IVF)
  • Gynecologic oncology
  • Urogynecology
  • Adolescent gynecology
  • Endometriosis-adenomyosis, myomas
  • Congenital anomalies of uterus and ovaries
  • Aesthetic and cosmetic gynecology
  • Laser department
The Obstetrics Department at the Bodrum American Hospital is a distinguished clinic in terms of service quality and range, as it can respond to all complaints concerning female health and it has already gained the trust of many patients with its rich history of expert diagnosis and treatment as well as long-term follow-ups.

Gynecologic complaints consist of menstrual irregularity or absence of menstruation, inguinal and abdominal pain, polycystic ovary syndrome, excessive hair growth, acne, hair loss, ovarian cysts, myomas, polyps, vaginal discharge, sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal cysts, abscesses or wounds as well as genital warts, sexual dysfunctions, vaginismus, hot flushes, vaginal dryness and menopause. Moreover, other common reasons for admission include uterine prolapse, vaginal prolapse, and urinary incontinence.

Severe inguinal pain during periods, pain during sexual intercourse, painful bowel movements, obstructed defecation, rectal bleeding, blood in urine, sharp pains while breathing during periods, fatigue, irregular menstrual cycles and heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia), as well as endometriosis and adenomyosis form the conditions that lead to admission at our clinic.

Patients are admitted to the Assisted Reproductive Technology Unit with certain conditions, including but not limited to the inability to achieve pregnancy despite no use of contraception, inability to achieve pregnancy despite multiple in vitro fertilization attempts, recurrent miscarriages, failure of embryo implantation, lack or absence of eggs/sperm, polycystic ovary syndrome, varicocele, erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory problems, vaginismus, hereditary genetic disorders, uterine malformation, and intrauterine adhesions.
Ovarian cysts and tumors, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, precancerous lesions in the vagina, precancerous cervical lesion, abnormal Pap smear result, and are genital warts form the gynecological oncology conditions that lead to admission at our clinic.

Prepregnancy counseling, supervision of pregnancy, prenatal yoga, nutrition and awareness education, vaginal delivery or C-sections, supervision of puerperal and psychological counseling are regarded as areas that fall into the field of obstetrics. Antenatal diagnosis, diagnosis, and supervision of high-risk pregnancies and genetic counseling services are available at the Perinatology Unit.
  • General and Preventive Gynecology:
  • Smears
  • HPV typing, HPV vaccination
  • Abnormal Pap smear tests and follow-ups
  • Treatment of warts
  • Cryotherapy
  • Colposcopy
  • Vaginal laser treatments
  • Two- and three-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis of endometriosis and adenomyosis,
  • Advanced laparoscopic surgery (recurrence of myoma, lumps and deep endometriosis, hysterectomy -removal of the uterus-, reproductive organs prolapse),
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Obstetrics:
  • Advanced level ultrasound
  • Fetal DNA test in maternal blood
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  • Amniocentesis
  • Cordocentesis
  • Multifetal pregnancy reduction
  • Counseling and termination, if required, based on the decision of council for abnormal pregnancies
  • Inpatient and outpatient supervision of high-risk pregnancies
  • Counseling and follow-up at the neonatal intensive care unit
  • Prenatal yoga, nutrition, psychological counseling, puerperal support,
  • Endoscopic Surgery:
  • Laparoscopy (hysterectomy, myomas, ovarian cysts, endometriosis surgery, oncological surgery)
  • Hysteroscopy (polyps, myomas, intrauterine adhesions, congenital uterine anomalies, T-uterus, and isthmocele surgery)
  • Robotic surgery (hysterectomy, myomas, ovarian cysts, endometriosis surgery, oncological surgery)
  • Gynecologic Oncology:
  • Smears
  • HPV typing, HPV vaccination
  • Management and follow-up of precancerous pathologies of the cervix
  • Surgical treatment and management of gynecological cancers
  • Fertility saving surgery in cancer treatment
  • Cytoreductive surgery (reducing the number of tumor cells)
  • Medical oncology councils
  • Treatment counseling to conserve fertility before anticancer treatments.
  • Urogynecology:
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Aesthetic and Cosmetic Gynecology:
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Vaginal rejuvenation
  • Labiaplasty (vulval surgery)
  • Vaginal laser

Internal Medicine

Our patients generally approach our department for the treatment of common chronic diseases that are treated at our primary care settings. These include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, asthma, COPD, arthritis, gastrointestinal problems or thyroid dysfunction as well as abdominal pain, back pain, arthralgia, cough, tiredness, and shortness of breath.
Our department diagnoses and treats all acute and chronic diseases, including ones that require critical and long-term care, at various healthcare settings, including the inpatient and/or outpatient clinics.

Medical Oncology

While cancer causes a very wide range of  complaints, including but not limited to pain, weight loss, eating problems, and postural and balance disorders; patients with no remarkable signs of the disease may also need diagnosis and treatment at our department.


Our department specializes in the following titles and content:

  • General Neurology: We undertake the examination and treatment of patients who are admitted with any and all neurological symptoms.
  • Cerebrovascular diseases: Emergency, inpatient and outpatient practices for disorders of blood vessels that feed the brain (brain hemorrhage, vascular occlusions) are performed in cooperation with Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Neuroangiography) departments.
  • Epilepsy: Diagnostic and treatment practices are performed by experienced neurologists and a specialist epileptologist. Modern research, recording, and treatment methods are used in formulating the medication and surgical strategies for epilepsy.
  • Headaches: Modern treatment methods are used and interventional treatments when necessary are employed for migraine and other common varieties of headache.
  • Neurodegenerative diseases: Modern treatment methods are utilized for Parkinson’s disease and similar neurodegenerative disorders while specialized faculty members make invaluable contributions to the team.
  • Demyelinating disease of the central nervous system: These types of diseases, especially Multiple Sclerosis, develop as a result of impaired immune systems and they are treated by neurologists who are specialized in this field.
  • Spinal cord diseases and nerve root disorders: Diagnostic and therapeutic practices are performed in collaboration with Neurosurgery, Orthopedics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Departments for degenerative diseases of the spinal cord.
  • Peripheral nerve diseases: Peripheral nerve diseases that are developed during the course of other common and generally underlying diseases are named using advanced diagnostic methods (EMG-SEP) and are appropriately treated. Some of these diseases, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), require emergency treatment methods. Those practices (plasmapheresis, immunoglobulin therapy) are carried out immediately.
  • Muscle Diseases: Our experienced neurologists work closely with our specialist faculty member who is globally renowned in the field of muscle diseases. Modern diagnostic modalities (muscle biopsy, EMG, neurogenetic tests) are used and patients are accurately guided through genetic consultancy issues in the light of diagnostic and therapeutic methods.
  • Neurological complications of systemic diseases: These diseases are very common in daily neurology practices. Specialized neurologists and faculty members provide expert consultation services. Diagnosis and treatment of neuro-oncologic problems that emerge during the course of oncologic diseases are one of the fields that constitute a large portion of our overall work. Neurologists with extensive experience render services in this field.
  • Electrodiagnostic neurology: EEG, EMG, attracts a strong demand in the diagnosis and treatment of various neurologic diseases. Studies in this field are conducted by specialized clinical neurophysiologists.

The Neurology Department primarily deals with the following complaints:

  • Headaches
  • Vertigo
  • Diseases associated with loss of consciousness
  • Speech disorders
  • Comprehension disorders
  • Memory impairments
  • Visual impairments
  • Motor system disorders (diseases that cause difficulty in movement)
  • Muscle weaknesses
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Involuntary muscle movements
  • Sensory processing disorder
  • Numbness
  • False sensorial comprehension (such as cold or burning sensations)
  • Coordination and balance disorders
  • Tremors
  • Drop attacks
  • Urinary retention and incontinence
  • Diseases associated with high fever
Epilepsy: Accurate diagnosis and sufficient cooperation are important in this disease. We also meet patients who are extremely resistant to therapy. Surgical intervention may be required in some of these cases.

Stroke: Treatment of acute strokes can save lives and minimize future disability rates if  patients admit themselves to the hospital within the first 4.5 hours. The Bodrum American Hospital has all the necessary equipment for the treatment of acute strokes if patients can get to the hospital within a suitable time frame.

Migraine: Migraines are one of the most common ailments in every society accounting for a major portion of all headaches complaints. Accurate diagnosis, personalized treatments, and follow-ups are all important to prevent loss of work and ensure general quality of life.

Myasthenia gravis: Myasthenia gravis is a neuromuscular disorder that causes weakness in the skeletal muscles, which are the muscles your body uses for movement. It occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. Myasthenia can be successfully treated if it is diagnosed early; however, if it is not recognized quickly it may result in death; as a result, our hospital shows special dedication and focus when it comes to this issue.

Multiple Sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases: Multiple Sclerosis is a disease associated with eyesight disorders and overall body weakness, loss of sense and numbness in arms and legs as well as dizziness secondary to improper functioning of the immune system, resulting in an attack on the nerve cells. Diagnostic tests can be quickly performed on Multiple Sclerosis patients and patients with similar autoimmune central nervous system diseases, and personalized treatments and especially innovative biological treatments can be performed successfully at our hospital.

Peripheral nervous system disorders: Nerves that originate from the spinal cord are collectively referred to as the peripheral nervous system. Acute neuropathies that may be life-threatening and chronic neuropathies can be quickly and effectively treated at our hospital.

Nutrition and Dietetics

  • Medical nutrition treatment of inpatients,
  • A nutritional treatment plan for patients who are included in the cancer program,
  • Malnutrition,
  • Enteral and parenteral nutrition,
  • Nutritional education for lactation,
  • Education concerning food-drug interaction,
  • Planning medical nutritional treatment specific for each patient at the Outpatient Nutrition Clinic,
  • Medical nutrition treatment according to the pressure ulcers treatment protocol,
  • Monthly menu planning for inpatients and personnel are some examples of practices that are within our mandate.
  • Nutrition and Dietetics Department of Bodrum American Hospital responds to our patients' complaints and solves them quickly. Reasons for addressing our department are as follows:
  • Overweight or underweight nutritional counseling,
  • Nutritional therapy for diabetes,
  • Carbohydrate counting,
  • Nutrition during pregnancy and breast-feeding,
  • Children’s nutrition,
  • Nutrition for athletes
  • Preoperative and postoperative medical nutritional therapy for gastrointestinal surgery:
    • Esophagectomy (esophagus surgery)
    • Gastric bypass surgery
    • Pancreas surgery
    • Colorectal surgery
  • Medical nutritional therapy for conditions related to the digestive system;
    • Crohn’s Disease
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Diverticular disease
  • Medical nutritional therapy for newly diagnosed patients who are involved in the cancer program;
    • Eating during chemotherapy
    • Eating during radiotherapy
  • Preoperative and postoperative medical nutritional therapy for bariatric surgery
  • Medical nutritional therapy in hematologic cancers


Common eye diseases and disorders, cataract and intraocular lens surgery, glaucoma (high intraocular pressure), pediatric eye health and strabismus, retina, cornea, ocular immunology and uveitis, oculoplasty, contact lenses and rehabilitation of the visually impaired patients are among our department’s medical specialties.
Cataract and Intraocular Lens Surgery: Globally acknowledged technique ‘phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia (numbing drops inserted into the eye)’ is used for cataract surgery. In this method, the eye is numbed with drop anesthesia rather than an anesthetic injected around the eye, and cataract surgery is performed through a very small incision, measuring approximately 2 mm in size, made on the clear layer of the eye (cornea) and an appropriate intraocular lens is placed inside the eye. This operation lasts approximately 10 minutes and does not require a hospital stay; visual acuity that is equal to the values before the development of cataracts is restored and patients can engage in activities of daily life within a short period of time. Moreover, the innovative “multifocal intraocular lenses” that are also called “small lenses” designed to provide focus of both distance and near objects and “multifocal toric intraocular lenses” that allow predictable astigmatic correction are successfully used along with standard aspheric intraocular lenses that ensure the clearest distance acuity after completion of surgery. After cataract surgery is completed, patients can clearly see distance and near objects without the need to wear eyeglasses. Moreover, intraocular lenses (phakic lenses) are successfully implanted for patients who are not eligible for laser therapy to correct myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism.

Glaucoma Unit:  Glaucoma, also called high intraocular pressure, is globally recognized as the most  prolific “irreversible cause of blindness”. Usually, it does not cause any recognizable early symptoms as it progresses slowly and causes loss of vision from the periphery to the center. Early diagnosis is crucial when it comes to treating glaucoma; unfortunately symptoms are usually noticed by patients after their eyesight has been significantly compromised. We use the most advanced diagnostic devices with an extremely high level of accuracy at the earliest possible stage in our glaucoma unit. We can meet provisions of maximum standards in diagnosis and follow-up of patients with glaucoma by using the latest generation of Optic Coherence Tomography (OCT) that measures the thickness of the nerve layer in the retina easily, and a computerized visual field device that measures the ability to see blue light on a yellow background and other effective devices that evaluate eye tear canals and any changes in the iris. Medical treatments are supported by all advanced laser or surgical therapies!

Pediatric Eye Health and Strabismus: It is necessary to diagnose refractive errors, especially misalignment of the eyes, and lazy eyes as well as the loss of vision secondary to various reasons originating from early childhood in order to commence with appropriate treatment. In our Pediatric Eye Health and Strabismus Unit, our experienced ophthalmologists use state-of-the-art devices to diagnose all pediatric eye problems at an early stage and necessary treatments are initiated. Medical and surgical treatments are also available for misaligned eyes for patients of any age.

Retina Unit: Optic Coherence Tomography (OCT), Fundus Fluorescein Angiography, Indocyanine Green Angiography, and green and yellow lasers are used in our unit to diagnose and treat all retinal diseases that are secondary to vascular factors, ageing, inflammation or other etiologies. All up-to-date treatments, including intravitreal injections, micropulse, and photodynamic therapy, are available for the age-related macular disease that is also called “Yellow Spot Disease” and now globally recognized among the most important causes of loss of vision. Moreover, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, macular hole, epiretinal membrane and other retinal diseases that require surgical treatment can be successfully treated with “vitrectomy” and other surgical techniques at the Retina Unit.

Cornea Unit: Advanced diagnostic devices are used to evaluate infections and inflammations of the cornea -the foremost transparent layer of the eye-, structural deformities such as keratoconus or ectasia as well as changes in the transparency of the cornea secondary to various causes. All up-to-date medical treatment and surgical techniques are available that range from cross-linking to laser and partial or complete corneal transplantation.

Ocular Immunology and Uveitis: Uveitis refers to the inflammation of the eye’s uveal tissue. Uveitis is believed to be the fourth leading cause of blindness among the working population (ages, 20–60 years) in Western countries. These diseases can be caused by infections, such as the Herpes virus, toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis syphilis, and inflammation of the eyes secondary to autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Behçet’s disease, ankylosing spondylitis, and sarcoidosis. A physician who is experienced in treating uveitis evaluates each patient and provides a clear diagnosis, appropriate medical treatment and follow-ups are then planned at the unit. Although the primary treatment of uveitis is medical, surgical treatments can be employed to manage complications of uveitis, after inflammation is brought under control.

Ophthalmic Cosmetic Surgery: Deformities located in the eyelids and around the eyes have significant effects not only on one’s facial appearance but also on normal eyesight function. We may correct any and all eyesight problems and dysfunctions that are dependent on age, tumors, and trauma of the eyelids as well as thyroid diseases. Tear duct problems that may cause continuous excessive watering and diseases that affect the structures around the eyes can be diagnosed and treated. Naturalistic prosthetic eyes that can move are implanted at our unit for patients who have lost an eye.

Contact Lens Unit: Any and all contact lenses (standard, astigmatism, multifocal – that correct both farsightedness and nearsightedness-, cosmetic, daily, monthly and long-term) can be applied at our unit and users of contact lenses are educated on healthy use of said lenses.

Rehabilitation Unit for Visually Impaired People: We aim to restore eyesight that is required for activities of daily life with special eyeglasses, devices and rehabilitation methods for patients with severe loss of vision due to certain reasons, such as age-related macular disease (yellow spot disease), retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma or retinopathy of premature.

Orthopedics and Traumatology

Our department deals with shoulder and elbow joints conditions, spinal injuries and diseases, congenital and acquired musculoskeletal disorders in children (long, flat bone and spine), hand and wrist disorders, injuries and microsurgery, adult hip and knee joint diseases, sports injuries and surgery, foot and ankle surgery, soft tissue and bone tumors, deformity and extremity lengthening in both children and adults, fractures & dislocation in both children and adults.

Not only arthritis (calcification in the joints) but also more complex conditions such as trauma, osteonecrosis and every kind of orthopedic disease (complications and revision surgery) secondary to prior hip and knee prosthesis surgeries are successfully treated in the Hip and Knee Joint Diseases Unit. Numerous joint replacement (hip knee prosthesis, arthroplasty) procedures are performed with a success rate of over 90 percent. Our team consists of staff specializing in innovative approaches when it comes to total hip replacement and total knee replacement procedures who employ minimally invasive techniques and use cutting-edge materials.

Pain, swelling, mass lesions, limited movement, heat increase, worn articular cartilage around hip and knee joints, congenital hip and knee joint diseases, Perthes disease, osteonecrosis (aseptic necrosis) in the hip and knee, rheumatic diseases, congenital hip dislocation (CHD), infections, hip impingement, disarrangement of hip-knee joint, articular cartilages related to ageing, intraarticular fracture of hip are among the hip and knee disorders treated at our clinic.

Oncologic Orthopedics Unit renders patient-specific diagnosis and treatment services with the assistance of the tumor council with the participation of various disciplines in diagnosis and treatment of benign and malign tumors located in the arm, leg, foot, hand, pelvis, and joint cavity. This field deals with all tumors originating from soft tissues and bones, as well as the tumors that spread to the bones from other organs (metastasis).

Sports Surgery Unit deals with the investigation, prevention, and treatment of every type of disorder concerning the musculoskeletal system as a result of sports-related activities. Comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation for sports injuries are provided for professional athletes and amateur athletes from any age group and at any participation level. Comprehensive treatments are provided which focus on the general health of athletes in cooperation with other departments such as nutrition and dietetics, endocrinology and neurology. In addition to knee, shoulder, ankle disorders, and general trauma, spinal and hand injuries are meticulously treated  in cooperation with other orthopedics sub-branches to ensure that each patient is fully healed in the shortest possible time before returning to their sports activities.

Surgical and non-surgical treatments are performed for diseases concerning mentioned joints and surrounding structures at the Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Unit. This area of medicine requires special knowledge and experience due to the complex anatomy of the shoulder and elbow.

The Foot and Ankle Surgery Unit has a staff specializing in the treatment of ankle arthritis, tendon dysfunctions/ruptures, flatfoot (pes planus) deformity, foot deformities, every variety of fractures and dislocations, diabetic/Charcot deformity and symptomatic forefoot deformity. The most effective non-operative methods can be utilized to treat these disorders at our clinic in close cooperation with our physiotherapists. When surgical intervention is necessary, advanced techniques such as ankle replacement, complex ankle arthrodesis, arthroscopy, tendon reconstruction can be successfully performed at our clinic.

All spine diseases that are visible during childhood and adulthood are treated with the most appropriate personalized methods following evaluation by our Orthopedics and Traumatology specialists as well as experienced spine surgeons at Spine Surgery Unit. Treatment options range from minimally invasive day surgery procedures to complex spinal reconstructions in some cases. Our department has an expert highly skilled  team that can perform procedures such as cervical and lumbar disc replacement, microendoscopic decompression or fusion, kyphoplasty procedures or complex spine surgery for deformities of pediatric and/or adult patients.

Orthopedic Trauma Unit renders services 24/7 for diagnosis and treatment of fracture, dislocation and soft tissue injuries in the pelvis, leg, ankle, foot and shoulder areas as a result of both low-energy traumas (fall at home, sports injuries, etc.) and high-energy traumas (motor vehicle accidents, falls from great heights, gunshot injuries). Advanced and complex reconstructive treatments are performed at our clinic for unhealed (non-union) fractures or incorrectly healed fractures (mal-union).

The follow-up of child patients and the provision of related solutions with other branches as well as families until each child’s growth period has concluded is the main focus of the Pediatric Orthopedics Unit. Cerebral palsy and other pediatric neuromuscular diseases, disorders such as Pes Equinovarus (PEV- Clubfoot), gait disorders and deformities, pediatric fractures, congenital dislocation of the knee can be evaluated and treated by experienced pediatric orthopedics team using state-of-the-art techniques.

Home Health

  • Yoğun bakım hemşirelik hizmetleri,
  • Kanserli hastaların genel takibi,
  • Ağrı tedavileri,
  • Pansuman, idrar kateteri, NGT, yara ve  stoma bakımı gibi hizmetler,
  • Geriatrik hastaların takibi,
  • Postoperatif hastaların tedavi ve takipleri,
  • Yeni doğan hizmetleri,
  • Fizik tedavi, rehabilitasyon, konuşma ve uğraşı terapileri,
  • Enjektabl (iğneyle verilmeye elverişli) tedavilerin uygulanması,
  • Kan alma ve laboratuvar tetkikleri,
  • Evde görüntüleme (USG ve röntgen),
  • Evde uyku tetkikleri,
  • EKG ve EEG gibi uygulamalar,
  • Terminal dönem hasta bakımı,
  • Kuadriplejik (kolları ve bacakları ile gövdesi felçli hasta), hemiplejik (vücudunun sağ ya da sol yarısında felç görülen hasta) ile diğer nörolojik hastaların bakımı ve takibi,
  • Demansı olan hastaların bakım ve tedavileri,
  • Yatağa bağımlı hastaların bakımı ve tedavileri hizmet verdiğimiz alt servisleri oluşturuyor.

Evde sağlık hizmetleri, hastane tedavisi gerektirmeyen kronik hastalığa sahip, yakın tıbbi bakıma muhtaç, kısa süreli akut tedavi ihtiyacı olan, yatağa bağımlı, rehabilitasyon gereken hastalar gibi birçok hasta grubunu içerir. Bu nedenle her geçen gün artan bir hasta spektrumuna sahiptir. Felç geçirmiş birisi, demansı olan bir yaşlı hasta, ortopedik ameliyat geçirmiş rehabilitasyon hastası, evde bakıma ihtiyaç duyanlara örnek olarak verilebilir.

Evde bakım gerektiren hastalar için iç hastalıkları, nöroloji, fizik tedavi ve rehabilitasyon, genel cerrahi de dahil olmak üzere tüm uzmanlık dallarında hastane dışı yapılabilecek muayene ve işlemler bölümümüz tarafından planlanıyor.

Otolaryngology (ENT) - Head & Neck Surgery

  • Diagnosis and treatment of ear disorders, rare hearing problems, tinnitus, ear discharge, ruptured eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation), and Bell's palsy.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of vertigo
  • Diagnosis of runny nose, nasal obstructions and sinus disease along with functional and cosmetic nose job
  • Upper respiratory tract infections
  • Differential diagnosis and treatment of headaches
  • Tonsillar hypertrophy and adenoid vegetations
  • Diagnosis and surgical treatment of head & neck tumors
  • Minimally invasive tumor surgeries
  • Treatment and surgery for congenital ENT diseases and airway abnormalities
  • Diagnosis and treatment of thyroid cancer and correction of complications that are secondary to thyroid surgery
  • Treatment of congenital or acquired airway stenosis
  • Diagnosis and treatment of snoring and sleep apnea
  • Diagnosis and treatment of bad breath and gastroesophageal reflux
  • Diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord disorders
  • Diagnosis and treatment of salivary gland disorders
  • Audiology Unit
  • Hearing tests
  • Tests to evaluate vertigo and postural imbalances
  • Speech and Swallowing Disorders Unit
  • Sleep Unit
Otology – Neuro-otology (Ear Diseases)
Covers conditions affecting the external, middle, and inner ear diseases and central auditory pathway disorders.
  • Otitis media (middle ear infection)
  • Otitis externa (inflammation of the external ear canal)
  • Ruptured eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation)
  • Otosclerosis (abnormal growth of bone of the middle ear)
  • Congenital hearing loss
  • Bell's palsy
  • Tinnitus
  • Vertigo
  • Ear tumors

All ear surgery can be carried out under a microscope and/or with endoscopic techniques; a significant part of these operations does not require a visible incision on the ear. For conductive hearing loss, bone cement ossiculoplasty, titanium prosthesis, bone-conduction hearing aid, and middle ear implant are used, while sensorineural hearing loss can be successfully improved with the use of the state-of-the-art implants, such as cochlear implants (bionic ear) and auditory brainstem implant. One audiologist and two audiometrists work full time at the Audiology Unit that houses cutting edge devices to diagnose hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo.  

Rhinology (nose and sinus problems)
Rhinology deals with all congenital, infectious and developmental diseases as well as tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • Deviated septum
  • Inferior turbinate hypertrophy
  • Nasal allergy
  • Sinusitis
  • Rhinoplasty (nose job)
  • Nose and paranasal sinus tumors
Deviated septum and adenoid vegetation are treated with up-to-date techniques and innovative technology such as radiofrequency meaning that nasal packs are no longer required after most operations. Endoscopic sinus surgery technique is performed during the treatment of sinusitis, and surgical navigation is used in all necessary cases. Endoscopic sinus surgery is also performed for skull base tumors, transsphenoidal surgery, blocked tear ducts and cerebrospinal fluid leak.
Pediatric Otolaryngology
This unit deals with congenital, inflammatory, traumatic and developmental diseases as well as pediatric tumors.
  • Tonsillar hypertrophy and adenoid vegetations
  • Otitis media (middle ear infection)
  • Anotia (congenital deformity that involves the complete absence of the pinna, the outer projected portion of the ear, and narrowing or absence of the ear canal)
  • Congenital or acquired airway stenosis
  • Head and neck tumors
Tonsillar hypertrophy and adenoid vegetations are amongst the most common diseases found in children. The most cutting-edge techniques, such as laser and thermal welding, are used in the surgical treatment of these diseases. Anotia can be corrected with a cartilaginous graft that is obtained from the child’s ribs or with a prosthesis. Congenital or acquired airway stenosis is treated by our surgical team who have global experience using the most up-to-date techniques available.
Head and neck tumors
Handles any and all benign and malignant tumors that originate from the head and neck area.
  • Lip
  • Tongue
  • Tonsil
  • Larynx
  • Esophagus
  • Thyroid
  • Neck
A multidisciplinary approach is required for head and neck tumors, as is the case with all other tumors. Treatments are planned vigilantly after patients’ cases are discussed in detail by the tumor council that is made up of physicians from many departments; otolaryngologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and radiologists are all part of the membership.
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Snoring and sleep apnea (sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts) are among those diseases that negatively affect a patient’s quality of life and overall health. These conditions are triggered by many factors and they should be addressed in a holistic manner. A Polysomnography (sleep study) is used to evaluate the functionality of a patient’s nose; palates or jawbones are surgically treated to correct airway stenosis in selected patients.

Voice disorders
Hoarseness is caused by diseases that originate from or limit movements of the vocal cords. Vocal cords and their functions are evaluated with a special device, called a videolaryngostroboscopy, and all cases that require surgical treatment can undergo microsurgery or laser surgery.

Face and Neck Traumas

Facial Plastic Surgery


Divisions of our department include general pediatrics, pediatric allergies, pediatric endocrinology, pediatric cardiology, pediatric nephrology, pediatric neurology, pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric hematology and oncology as well as the newborn unit.
All signs and symptoms of febrile illnesses, respiratory tract infections, gastrointestinal disorders, urinary tract and kidney infections, neurological diseases, blood diseases, pediatric cancers, pediatric allergies, and neonatal diseases comprise the group of admission complaints received by our department.
Our pediatricians carry out educational activities voluntarily in order to inform families about the birth process and the subsequent post-natal issues. These educational programs are reviewed every year by considering the details that are mostly asked by parents in order to support the physical, mental and developmental health of our children.

Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery

Lists our department’s fields of specialty in various branches:

Aesthetic Surgery:

    • Nasal aesthetic and functional surgery (rhinoplasty, concha bullosa, deviated septum surgery, etc.),
    • Eyelid, ear, lip, forehead-face-neck aesthetics, bichectomy
    • Breast aesthetics (augmentation, reduction, lifting, gynecomastia, nipple aesthetics, etc.)
    • Body aesthetics (abdominoplasty, liposuction, post-bariatric 360 degrees abdominal aesthetic, etc.)
    • Arm lift, thigh lift, arm liposuction, leg liposuction
    • Aesthetics genital surgery (labiaplasty, hymenoplasty, vaginal tightening, penile surgery)
    • Fat injections (face, leg contouring, buttock augmentation)
  • Non-Surgical Aesthetic Procedures:
    • Botox (wrinkle, excessive sweating, masseter, gummy smile, mesobotox)
    • Filling (lips, nose, jaw, eyelids, face, hands, genitals, etc.)
    • Mesotherapy (skin rejuvenation,  treatment of dark eyelids, light filling)
    • Dermaroller, laser, plasma applications
    • Stem Cell, PRP
  • Reconstructive Surgery (covered by insurance):
    • Skin lesions (cysts, nevi, warts, lipomas, every kind of lesions)
    • Skin cancer (melanoma, basalioma, epidermoid carcinoma, etc.)
    • Breast cancer (breast reconstruction, implant, microsurgical breast reconstruction, latissimus dorsi, DIEP)
    • Poland syndrome
    • Cancer, tumors of the facial bones and jaw, scalp tumors
    • Congenital anomalies (cleft lip-palate, skull anomalies identified as craniosynostosis, anotia, prominent ear, giant nevi, etc.)
    • Hand deformities (polydactyl, syndactyly, etc.)
    • Hemangioma, vascular malformations, droopy eyelid, velopharyngeal insufficiency
    • Facial traumas (soft tissue, facial fractures, mandible fractures, forehead, orbital floor fractures)
    • Treatment for facial paralysis
    • Hand and tendon lacerations
    • Dupuytren’s contracture, carpal tunnel syndrome
    • Wound care, scar treatment, keloid scars, bedsores, foot, and leg wounds
    • Vaginal reconstruction, hypospadias, penile anomalies
    • Burn rehabilitation
    • Reconstruction of all kinds of tissues with microsurgery (face, jaw, breasts, vagina, esophagus, hands, arms, legs, feet, etc.)

Our patients’ complaints are listed under specific topics:

Aesthetic Surgery:

  • Ageing of the face including wrinkles, general sagging skin, sagging around the neck, droopy brow, decrease in skin quality
  • Eyelid problems, excess skin, wrinkles, droopy eyelids
  • Aesthetic problems of the nose and breathing problems, aesthetic and respiratory problems secondary to prior surgeries
  • Asymmetry, thinness, barcode lines on the lips
  • Prominent ear, ear deformities, torn earlobe
  • Small or large, sagging breasts, asymmetrical breasts, nipple anomalies, breast sagging in men
  • Skin cracks, sagging, herniation after delivery or weight loss in women
  • Excess in abdomen, arms, legs, and back, wide hips
  • Small, flat, sagging buttocks
  • Excessive sagging in breasts, arms, face, neck, legs, and abdomen following gastric surgeries
  • Small, asymmetrical, deformed and loose genital organs, hymenoplasty, penis enlargement
Non-Surgical Aesthetic Procedures:
  • Wrinkles, crowfeet, barcode lines on face, wrinkles on the forehead
  • Dark circles, sagging, swelling in the eyelids
  • Deteriorated in skin quality, facial spots, scars
  • Permanent lines, asymmetries on the face, request of non-surgical nasal aesthetics
  • Request of augmentation of genital organs, bleaching
  • Temporomandibular joint pain, tooth grinding, and erosion
  • Abnormal sweating
Reconstructive Surgery (covered by insurance):
  • Skin lesions (cysts, nevi, warts, lipomas, every kind of lesions)
  • Skin cancer (melanoma, basalioma, epidermoid carcinoma, etc.)
  • Breast and nipple reconstruction after breast cancer
  • Absence of breast
  • Cancer, tumors of the facial bones and jaw, scalp tumors
  • Temporomandibular joint problems
  • Congenital anomalies (cleft lip-palate, skull anomalies identified as craniosynostosis, anotia, prominent ear, giant nevi, etc.)
  • Hand deformities (polydactyl, syndactyly, etc.)
  • Hemangioma, vascular malformations, droopy eyelid, velopharyngeal insufficiency
  • Facial traumas (soft tissue, facial fractures, mandible fractures, forehead, orbital floor fractures)
  • Treatment of facial paralysis
  • Hand and tendon lacerations
  • Dupuytren’s contracture, carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Wound care, scar treatment, keloid scars, bedsores, foot, and leg wounds
  • Vaginal reconstruction, hypospadias, penile anomalies,
  • Burn rehabilitation
  • Reconstruction of all kinds of tissues with microsurgery (face, jaw, breasts, vagina, esophagus, hands, arms, legs, feet, etc.)

Sub-services in our department are:

  • Aesthetic surgery
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Tumor surgery
  • Microsurgery
  • Hand surgery
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • Non-surgical aesthetic interventions


With our admitted patients we evaluate the psychological effects of the personality, relevant environmental conditions, as well as periodical and chronic problems. Following evaluations are performed by relevant experts:

  • Family-couple therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Sex Therapy
  • Psychodynamic therapy
  • EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy
  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
  • Psychometric assessments

Psychological support is not only available for outpatients who have scheduled appointments, but also for inpatients who regularly attend psychotherapy sessions.

  • Disorders directly linked to our division are:

  • Sexual dysfunctions
  • Mood disorders (depression, postpartum depression, etc.)
  • Anxiety disorders (panic disorder, phobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc.)
  • Personality disorder and behavioral disorder
  • Reaction to stress and adjustment disorder (post-traumatic stress disorder, etc.)
  • Eating disorders

The sub-services provided by our department are:

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • General Surgery
  • Gynecology
  • Neurology
  • Obesity surgery
  • Psychiatry
  • Psycho-oncology
  • Smoking Cessation Clinic
  • In Vitro Fertilization Unit
  • Urology

Pulmonary Medicine

The conditions that affect pulmonary health are usually manifested with coughing, chronic coughing, shortness of breath, exertional dyspnea, fever, secretion, hemoptysis, chest pain, back pain, fatigue, weight loss, tiredness, allergic reactions causing patients to sneeze, runny nose, rashes, itching, snoring, day-time sleeping and smoking. The patients with such complaints or addictions may directly be admitted to our department.
The Pulmonary Medicine Department is mainly specializing in pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis, allergy-immunology, and respiratory sleep disorders. However, we are also rendering healthcare services for obstructive lung diseases (asthma, COPD, bronchiectasis), allergic lung diseases, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary vascular diseases (pulmonary hypertension), pneumonia (lung infection), pleurisy, scanning, diagnosis, and treatment of lung cancer, interventional bronchoscopy (cryotherapy, argon therapy, EBUS), sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and interstitial lung diseases such as environmental diseases. Additionally, those who want to stop smoking may also refer to our department.

Radiology (Medical Imaging)

Since diagnosis, treatment, and follow-ups of all diseases that develop in the human body are closely linked to the services of the radiology department, almost all patients are referred to us. Radiologists at the American Hospital are specialized according to various imaging modalities, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computerized Tomography (CT), Ultrasound (US), Mammography and Conventional X-ray, but they are also classified by their knowledge and experience of certain diseases. Playing a critical role in the quality of medical imaging, our technicians are also specializing in certain imaging techniques, as is the case with our radiologists. Accordingly, imaging techniques are efficiently and safely used, while accurate approaches are adopted for patients with specific problems. The department is specialized in diseases of the brain and central nervous system, musculoskeletal system, breast, prostate gland and urinary system, liver, bile ducts and pancreas as well as lungs, cardiovascular system, thyroid gland, and other endocrine organs.

Our sub-services are listed below:

  • Diagnostic Imaging: Conventional Radiography, Ultrasound, Computerized Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mammography, Angiography
  • Interventional Radiology: For vascular pathologies, organ pathologies, vascular pathologies of the nervous system and oncologic interventional radiology

Nursing Care

Nursing Care Services Department at the American Hospital takes into consideration the following factors when engaged in the Human Resources processes of employment and promotion.

  • Philosophy and concepts of the modern nursing profession are adopted.
  • Safeguarding the mission, vision, values, policies, and rules of the nursing care services department; making sure that the organization is protected and the associated principles are adopted by all employees.
  • Striving continuously to improve the image of the organization and nursing care in general; always demonstrating an exemplary standard through verbal or non-verbal communication originating from colleagues and affiliated personnel.
  • Acting in a continuously willing and enthusiastic manner to deliver quality, personalized and empathic nursing care, taking on appropriate responsibilities, while demonstrating an ability to develop skills and broaden knowledge closely following professional literature to achieve such goals.
  • Creating and maintaining positive interactions with members of other healthcare teams and colleagues with the use of good communication skills.
  • Being willing to participate in a team, having the qualifications of a leader, being able to act as a representative of the senior management of the hospital, being able to solve departmental and interdepartmental problems and complaints, reporting unsolved problems in line with hospital protocols while offering well-crafted solutions.
  • Making rational and objective decisions, striving to support continuous self-improvement and the development of surrounding colleagues.


We are directly linked to all patient feedback concerning care and safety.
  • Nursing Care
  • Midwifery
  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Paramedics
  • Sleep Technicians
  • Monitor/Cardiology/Sterilization Technicians
  • Perfusionists
  • Anesthesia Technicians
All new employees of the nursing care services receive theoretical and practical orientation training at the beginning of their employment simulating processes that they will face in the hospital. Once a year all healthcare professionals are educated and trained with basic life support techniques. In addition, department-specific education and seminars are organized regularly.
Annually we coordinate a scientific congress for International Nurses Day jointly with Koç University School of Nursing and SANERC (Semahat Arsel Nursing Care Education and Research Center). All domestic and international leaders of relevant areas are invited to this event; in the spirit of collaboration and reciprocity, we share up to date healthcare knowledge with colleagues from other parts of Turkey.
Professional nursing was established after the First World War in Turkey. Admiral Bristol was a crucial figure in the education of nurses in Turkey; he founded the first Turkish Nursing School in İstanbul on May 20, 1920. Bristol also founded the American Hospital in 1920 and the two institutions became bound by the unifying incentive to heal the sick; the hospital required trained nurses to provide professional care and the school relied on the hospital for work and experience.

Directly after the school was initially founded, the educational period lasted 2 years and 6 months, but it was extended to 3 years in 1929 and 4 years in 1957. The school educated leading nurses in all areas concerning the nursing profession and it was considered exemplary throughout the sector. Our respected teacher Esma Deniz was among the first five graduates of the Nursing School in 1923 and she founded the Turkish Nurses Association in 1943 and successfully managed the association for 19 years. The association was regarded as an active member of the International Council of Nurses in 1949. The American Hospital has always been proud of dear Esma Deniz, who was a leading nurse and a staunch advocate of women’s rights. Anna Rothsock was the first Director of Nursing Care Services at the American Hospital and she was also the first principal of the Nursing School.

Since its foundation, our hospital has maintained a superlative quality of patient care in line with the public’s highest expectations while employing a humanist approach based on integrated health with a focus on nursing. The positions of Nurse managers have almost always been occupied by foreigners; they have made significant contributions to the development of nursing care, as they introduced North America standards. The Managers of Nursing Care Services Department ensured complete cooperation between the hospital and the school, as they had concomitantly occupied the positions of Principals of the Admiral Bristol Nursing School (1920-1999) and Managers of the Hospital.

Koç University established the Nursing College in 1999 to provide education to nurses in the 2000s; these modern practitioners were trustworthy, rational, possessed analytical thinking, displayed confidence, respected individualism and other cultures, and predictably carried the science of nursing to a more advanced level.
Contributions from the Vehbi Koç Foundation to the profession of nursing commenced with the establishment of the Nursing Fund in 1974. Since its foundation, The Nursing Fund contributed to the continuous education of nurses with publications and textbooks along with the organization of conferences and seminars; more than 2000 nursing students have been awarded educational grants. SANERC (Semahat Arsel Nursing Education and Research Center) was founded in 1992 and made significant contributions to nurses with both domestic and international courses, training, symposiums, and congresses.

Nursing is no longer an exclusively female profession in Turkey; recently the profession has become increasingly diversified with men also represented in abundance. The Honorable Semahat Arsel, Chairwomen of Vehbi Koç Foundation, has always contributed to the development and improvement of the nursing profession with her material and moral support. We express our infinite thanks to Honorable Semahat Arsel on behalf of all nurses who have worked at the American Hospital and throughout the Turkish medical sector.
We deliver our services to adult and pediatric inpatient and outpatient clinics, Emergency Department, operating theaters, coronary and adult intensive care units and with all other medical disciplines.
The level of knowledge gradually increases in all branches of health sciences and the delivery of health and care services also evolves quickly. Nurses need to adapt to such rapid changes in order to keep up with the inherent dynamism required in nursing care services.

As is the case with all professions, critical thinking is one of the basic components in nursing practices. Critical thinking not only adds dynamism to nursing care, but it also boosts the quality and efficiency of services.
Any and all education support required by our nurses to create a patient-oriented and performance-based management and service approach, to coordinate the healthcare and perform the basic healthcare service is provided by the nursing care services management in line with the principle of equal opportunity.

Education is formulated, executed and reviewed by professional education and development nurses at our hospital. Planned discussions with nursing department managers, precise surveys, employment of cutting edge devices and equipment, sentinel event notices, assessment of nurses who have decided to participate in the education process, mandating of eduction goals; and education schedules and curriculum organization are all executed in line with our pre-established schedule.

Orientation and In-service Training
  • Basic Nurse Orientation Program Certificate Programs
  • CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / First Aid)
  • CPR, Refresher Training
  • ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support)
  • ACLS, Refresher Training
  • Basic ECG
  • Critical Care Nursing Certificate Program (SANERC)
  • NRP (Neonatal Resuscitation Program) Education (Ministry of Health)

Basic Orientation Programs

A two-week program that consists of theoretical and practical aspects. The Basic Nurse Orientation Program is available for nurses who have already participated in the general orientation program which is organized by the Human Resources Department. This program addresses nursing practices, CPR, infection and isolation methods, use of devices, patient safety and communication. An examination is held before and after the program. “Basic Nurse Orientation Program Participation Certificate” is awarded to all nurses who pass the exam at the end of the program. First Aid (CPR) education and training that comprises of one-day theoretical and practical sections is available from the Basic Nurse Orientation Program. CPR re-certification training is organized once a year or when the content is upgraded. Nurses who participate in and succeed with the Basic Nurse Orientation Program, receive obligatory and special department education in line with their areas of focus.

Department-specific Orientation Programs
  • Emergency Nursing Orientation Program
  • Critical Care Nursing Education Program
  • Gastroenterology Nursing Education Program
  • Central Sterilization Unit Education Program
  • NICU
  • Paediatrics Nursing Education Program
  • Perioperative Nursing Education Program

CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / First Aid)

Covering both the theoretical and practical this training takes one-day to complete. CPR certifications are repeated once a year and/or when CPR information is updated. An examination is held before and after the program. CPR Education Program Participation Certificate is awarded to all participants who pass the exam. This education is not only mandatory for our nurses, but for all healthcare personnel who work with patients at the hospital (laboratory technician, physiotherapist, pulmonary therapist, radiology technicians, etc.).

ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support) Education is a program that covers one-day theoretical education and one-day practical training for our nurses who work at the Intensive Care Units, Emergency Department, and the Catheterization Laboratory.

Basic Electrocardiogram (ECG) Education

This 5-day education is available for nurses and technicians who work at all departments that require monitor supervision.

The training covers the following main areas:
  • Anatomy and physiology of the heart
  • Derivation
  • NSR and sinus arrhythmia
  • Atrial arrhythmia
  • Junctional dysrhythmias
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • AV blocks
  • Pacemaker insertion
Please visit our Human Resources web page for details.


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